Silvopasture combines trees with forage (pasture or hay) and livestock production.
Silvopasture can be established by adding trees to existing pasture, or by thinning an existing foreststand and adding (or improving) a forage component. Trees are managed for high-value timber orsawlogs, and at the same time they provide shelterfor livestock, reduce heat stress and improve food and water consumption. In the winter, the protection of trees reduces cold stress — therefore, animals do not lose as much energy keeping warmand are able to gain more weight. Forage and livestock provide short-term income at the same time a crop of high-value sawlogs is being grown, providing a greater overall economic return from the land.
– from Training Manual for Applied Agroforestry Practices – 2006 ed. Center for Agroforestry, University of Missouri-Columbia.
Find more good information about silvopasture at:
Considerations for Establishing and Managing Silvopasture. 2004. Fike, J. H., Buergler, A. L., Burger, J. A., and Kallenbach, R. L. In Forage and Grazinglands doi:10.1094/FG-2004-1209-01-RV.